Classification, Labeling and Packaging Regulation (SEA)
Classification, Labeling and Packaging Regulation (SEA) No. 28848, which brings a comprehensive regulation in the field of the chemical industry and sector, entered into force in 2013. The full name of this legislation is the Regulation on Classification, Labeling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures.
The SEA Regulation has been prepared in parallel with the provisions of the European Council and European Parliament Regulation on "Classification, Labeling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures" published in the European Union. Parallel to this regulation published in 2008, the SEA Regulation, which entered into force in Turkey in 2013, is one of the steps taken in the EU harmonization process.
The concept of SEA is called CLP (Classification Labeling Packaging) in the European Union and is included in the labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDS) of chemical products.
Purpose and Scope
The main purpose of the regulation is to harmonize the classification, labeling and packaging stages of chemical products with international standards and to carry out in accordance with the nature of the chemical.
The purpose of the regulation is stated in the legislation as follows: To provide a high level of protection against the possible negative effects of substances and mixtures placed on the market on human health and the environment, and to ensure their free circulation in the market. For this purpose, it has been explained as regulating the technical and administrative procedures and principles regarding the classification, labeling and packaging of chemicals.
Issues Covered by the Regulation
The scope of the SEA Regulation consists of the following subjects in general terms:
• Classification of substances and mixtures offered to the market, labeling and packaging of harmful substances and mixtures,
• Classification of substances and mixtures put on the market by manufacturers, importers and downstream users
• Classification of some substances not placed on the market
• Labeling and packaging of harmful substances and mixtures offered to the market, suppliers,
• Creation of the substance list with harmonized classification and label information
• Classification and labeling notification of harmful substances
• Creation of a classification and labeling inventory of harmful substances
Products Not Included in the Scope of the Regulation
• Medical products
• Non-medical veterinary health products
• Radioactive substances and mixtures
• Animal feeds
• Transport of dangerous goods
• Substances and mixtures produced for R&D purposes
• Substances and mixtures temporarily stored
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
A Safety Data Sheet (SDS) is a document that provides and displays health and safety information about a substance, product or chemical that is classified as harmful.
New Arrangements Introduced by the Regulation
The SEA Regulation has introduced new regulations and standards for the classification, labeling and packaging calculations of chemicals. These standards are harmonized regulations with EU REACH legislation. According to this;
• A chemical substance must have the same hazard signs and statements all over the world. For example, a manufacturer of a chemical in 3 different countries will not be able to supply that chemical product to the market with 3 different classifications.
• Conditions such as exposure routes, packaging type, application methods will play an active role in determining the hazard and precautionary statements.
• Hazard calculations of chemical mixtures will be specific to the nature and structure of the chemical and more details will be given. E.g; While the “R10 Flammable” classification does not require a hazard sign, the corresponding “H226” contains a flame pictorial hazard sign. Again, the hazard mark of a chemical with hazard class two may be three or four.
• R phrases, which have been used for a long time and were used until the effective date of the regulation, meant danger, and S phrases meant safety. In addition, the orange background and black pictures represented the symbols of danger. These phrases and signs have been changed with the regulations brought within the scope of the SEA regulation. Accordingly, P/precautionary statements will be used instead of S phrases, H/hazard statements will be used instead of R phrases, and hazard signs will be used instead of orange symbols. In addition, the warning word will be placed on the labels and on the Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
• Detailed definitions have been introduced for toxicity categories.
• Method, quality and acceptability conditions of the tests that determine the criteria in classification.
has been specified.
• Products for aquatic environments; M–coefficient definition for substances in an acute or chronic category.
• P–precautionary statements contain more explicit statements than R phrases.
• Labeling elements must be fed with the SEA Regulation and rules.
Benefits of the SEA Regulation to the Chemical Industry
Equipment by harmonizing the EU REACH ideal with the SEA Regulation can be beneficial to the engineering industry and equipment in regulating correctly.
The uses of human beings and those used in the shortest time will be made with rules that are standardized all over the world, prepared to prepare for their use.
One of the most important problems experienced in one of the paints made up of Countries is from the displays and packaging applications. Due to both the EU REACH Legislation event SEA, this complexity is going through and will be beneficial.
Safety Data Sheet regulations have been harmonized with SEA regulations. Integration of this compliance Safety Data Sheet is prepared to be prepared and preparation as competency. Among the winners, the SDSs, which will have incorrect, insufficient and non-Turkish content, will be surpassed.
Obligations of Chemical Industry Companies
In order not to be subjected to evaluations in terms of quality evaluations, full compliance, incompatibility in terms of chemistry and to avoid problems for you;
• The final application groups of the Product Safety Data Sheets (SDS) should be organized for at least 1 year, according to the principles of the regulations.
• After you become a SDS, you can design and print your labels by being ready for SEA Regulations with new label bars.
• Product packaging must comply with both the SEA Regulation and the ADR Convention to which Turkey is a party.
• It is trained and complies with existing standards within the body of the chemical industry, primarily in the EU REACH Legislation SEA Regulation. Chemistry personnel are assisted by complements in preparation and support for this training.
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