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Employment Health Report

Employment Health Report
 

Every day, another regulation, regulation, law, etc. It is tried to regulate social life, to ensure peace and security, or to protect human health and rights with legislation. In addition to the legislative work carried out; standardization and certification studies also have a significant impact on our lives. For example; Concepts such as Occupational Health and Safety have also emerged thanks to standards and systems such as ISO 9001 Quality Management System or International Labor Standards (ILS). Issues related to the concept of Occupational Health and Safety include substances that protect the health of both the employer and the worker (but especially the worker). The health report requested before the employment is also a requirement that has emerged as a result of this and similar regulations.

In accordance with Article 15 of the Occupational Health and Safety Law No. 6331, the employer;

• Ensures that employees are subject to health surveillance by taking into account the health and safety risks they will be exposed to in the workplace,
• It has to ensure that the health examinations of the employees are carried out in the following cases;
o At their employment,
o In job change,
o In case of their request on their return to work after repeated absence from work due to work accident, occupational disease or health,
o During the continuation of the work, at regular intervals determined by the Ministry according to the nature of the employee and the work and the danger class of the workplace.

In addition, the following points are also stated in the same article.

• Those who will work in dangerous and very dangerous jobs cannot be started without a health report stating that they are suitable for the job they will do,
• The health reports required under this law are obtained from the workplace physician. It can also be obtained from public service providers or family physicians for less dangerous workplaces with less than 50 employees. Objections to the reports are made to the referee hospitals determined by the Ministry of Health, the decisions made are final,
• The cost arising from the health surveillance and any additional costs arising from this surveillance are borne by the employer and are not reflected to the employee,
• Health information is kept confidential in order to protect the private life and reputation of the employee who has undergone a medical examination.
As can be understood from the above items, the Employment Health Report is a report that must be received by the employee before starting a job. In this law, the institution referred to as the ministry is T.C. It is the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services (Formerly the Ministry of Labor and Social Security).


How and Where to Get Employment Health Report?


As stated in the 15th article of the Occupational Health and Safety Law No. 6331 as follows; obtained from the occupational physician. It can also be obtained from public service providers or family physicians for less dangerous workplaces with less than 50 employees. In other words, for workplaces with less than 50 employees and less dangerous, a health report can be issued by the Family Physician at the Family Health Center.


When to Get Employment Health Report?


The time to receive the Recruitment Health Report is specified in Article 15 of the Occupational Health and Safety Law No. 6331. If we look at this article, the employer;

• It has to ensure that the health examinations of the employees are carried out in the following cases;

o At their employment,
o In job change,
o In case of their request on their return to work after repeated absence from work due to work accident, occupational disease or health,
o During the continuation of the work, at regular intervals determined by the Ministry according to the nature of the employee and the work and the danger class of the workplace.

As can be seen above, there are 4 situations related to the time of obtaining the Employment Health Report. In these cases, a medical report must be obtained. The employer can direct the employee to the workplace doctor and get this report. If the workplace in question is a workplace with less than 50 employees and less dangerous, then the employer should direct the employee to the Family Physician, that is, to the Family Health Centers.


Is There a Penalty for Not Receiving a Health Report at Employment?


There is a penalty for not getting a Employment Health Report. This penalty is imposed on the employer and is 1000 TL. The employer is penalized with an administrative fine of 1000 Turkish Liras for each employee who is not subject to health surveillance or who does not receive a health report. This issue is stated in Article 26 of the relevant law as follows:

.
• The employer, who does not fulfill the obligations set forth in the first and second paragraphs of Article 15 of this law, is charged an administrative fine of one thousand Turkish Liras for each employee who is not subject to health surveillance or who does not receive a medical report.

Those who want to get detailed information about the Occupational Health and Safety with the Recruitment Health Report can review the Occupational Health and Safety Law No. 6331. This law; It was accepted on 20/6/2012 and published in the Official Gazette dated 30/6/2012. Today, it is one of the most important laws concerning employers and employees. Both 4857s Labor Law No. 6331 on Occupational Health and Safety are the laws that make the employer and trade. Both teachers and employers learn by reading and studying these laws.

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