DANGERS AND PROTECTION METHODS IN WELDING WORKS
Apart from metal fumes, gases and vapors occurring in welded manufacturing workshops, the second major risk group is the rays formed during welding and cutting processes. In general, approximately 15% of the arc energy generated in the welding process spreads to the working environment in the form of rays. Approximately 60% of these rays are infrared, 30% bright and 10% ultraviolet.
The rays in question are classified according to their wavelengths, and the effect of each on the employees causes different health problems.
The eyes are the most affected organs of employees working from the rays that occur during welding and cutting processes. Then, the uncovered skin parts are exposed to the dangers of the rays in question. The wavelength of the rays is particularly important for the eye health of the employees. Ultraviolet rays cause the most damage to the eyes of the employees. Because the bright rays located on the upper side of the wavelength range of 4,000-8,000 Angstroms (Ao = 10-7 mm) ** fall into the visible beam class, and employees exposed to these rays can avoid the effects of these rays with reflexes such as closing and narrowing their eyes.
However, with the short wavelength of 100-4,000 Angstroms, the ultraviolet rays located on the upper side of the visible light band; high energy, hard character and rays with high damage effects on the eyes of employees. Also, since these rays cannot be seen, it is not possible to protect them with eye reflexes. Infrared rays at the bottom of the visible light band with a wavelength of 8,000-10,000,000 Angstroms are less effective than the ultraviolet rays because of their low energy.
(** Angström: Light waves measurement unit equal to ten billionth of the meter value, its symbol is A °.)
As a requirement of the work done, the eyes that the employees need most during the welding process are their eyes. In order not to negatively affect the health of employees from the rays that occur during welding and cutting processes, it is absolutely necessary to protect the eyes and exposed skin parts such as the face and hand. In the event that these are not done properly and necessary safety precautions are not taken, health problems such as eye burn, bloodshed and redness are frequently encountered in workers working in the workshops that are heavily welded. These kinds of health problems are acute (short term) disadvantages caused by welding and cutting rays. In addition, as a result of long-term (chronic) eye disorders, people working in welding and cutting processes suffer from visual loss, permanent illnesses, and gradually blindness.
In the welding and cutting processes, the bright rays that arise due to the production process may cause temporary visual disturbances by dazzling the eyes. It can result.
Infrared rays from source rays; In case of warming and prolonged exposure to the skin, it causes redness and burns. Depending on the wavelength of the beam coming from the arc, it can cause the transparent layer (cornea) and the visual layer of the eye (retina) to be affected and gradually cause permanent damage such as blindness and cataract disease.
The ultraviolet rays; It is much more dangerous than infrared rays and can cause burns in the transparent layer of the eye, cataract disease and progressive blindness even in short exposures. Ultraviolet rays can cause severe burns on the skin and skin cancer for a long time. For this reason, the eyes and skin must be protected during the welding process. Hand welding masks are the most appropriate and simple measures for protection, they can be both pvc and fiber. These masks, which are chosen according to the situation of the job, do not prevent you from being exposed to direct rays, even they minimize. If you want to live and play with your grandchildren without any occupational disease or accident, you should definitely use our products. As you know, “THERE ARE ACCIDENTS, IT CAN BE SAVED BY MEASURES.” If you want to buy and work peacefully, welcome to our store ..
* GE 1312
* Reliable protection for the eyes during electric arc welding
* Continuous protection against Ultra Violet and Infra-Red rays, heat and spark in bright and dark
* Optimal protection from eye damage caused by welding arc
* Seeing the multiplier arc point more precisely and effectively
* Lightweight design that provides comfort and relieves fatigue
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