ISO TC 234 Fisheries and Aquaculture Agriculture Certificate
ISO TC 234 Fisheries and Aquaculture Agriculture Certificate was developed independently by the ISO Technical Committee on International Fisheries and Aquaculture. These standards are;
• will promote the sustainable development of the fishing and aquaculture sectors,
• develop specifications for technical equipment adapted to the local environment,
• improve the surveillance and management of marine resources,
• will ensure international agreement on sampling methods,
• will increase employee safety,
• is capable of establishing a common terminology.
ISO TC 234 fishing and aquaculture agriculture certificate covers a number of Latin standards. There are 3 standards that have been published and kept up to date.
ISO 12875: 2011 and ISO 12877: 2011 Standards
Traceability is becoming a legal and commercial obligation as a result of increasing demands for detailed information about the origin of food products. For ISO, traceability includes being able to physically trace products in the distribution chain from source to destination and vice versa, providing information about what is being done and what is happening. Traceability is of great importance in terms of food safety, quality and labeling.
The traceability requirement in ISO 12875 and ISO 12877 Standards includes the identification and registration of each business unit created. Given the wide variety of fish products and distribution chains operating within and between different countries and changing legal requirements, the information specifications list all the information that may be required in each case. These Standards provide the general basis for traceability. The flexibility allows businesses to save more information in their own non-standardized files.
The structure, names and content of the information are standardized so that it can be easily transmitted from business to business through distribution chains. In this way, a common understanding of terms and meanings is ensured.
Commercial arrangements for the communication of information through distribution chains of enterprises, especially the information that they want to be visible at various transaction points in the trade chains, need to be promoted.
These International Standards specify information to be recorded in supply chains to ensure traceability of caught fish and fishery products. It includes how to identify commercial fishery products and the information to be produced and held by each of the food businesses that physically trade through their distribution chain.
ISO 12878: 2012 Standards
Particulate wastewater from fish farms affects the environmental conditions of the surrounding seafloor and the health of farmed fish. This wastewater consists of feed residues and fecal pellets. Waste is released in particles of various sizes, depending on the fish species, feed type, temperature and other conditions in aquaculture. Depending on the hydrodynamic and bathymetric conditions in the region, the particles are placed on the seabed at various distances from the fish cages. This leads to changes in the chemistry and biology of the sediments.
The aquaculture industry depends on favorable environmental conditions to ensure the health and optimal growth of fish. Excessive accumulation of organic matter in the form of waste feed pellets and fish excrement can lead to adverse changes by changing the habitat characteristics of the substrates. Repeated and systematic monitoring provides an overview of changes in sub-conditions. If developments are negative, remedial measures should be implemented.
Fishing has some effects on the environment. With ISO 12875 standards;
• The environmental impact on the seabed is intended not to exceed the acceptable limits set for the local impact zone or farm license area.
• Thresholds for environmental impact are expected to be adjusted to avoid unacceptable impacts on the surrounding seabed and biota.
• Thresholds are also expected to provide suitable living conditions such that farmed fish fields can be used for a longer period of time.
• It is aimed to facilitate the environmental monitoring process to include all institutions responsible for the marine environment.
The purpose of this standard is methods for measuring effects on base conditions in and around fish farm sites.
Exemplifying and empirically incorporating the effects of these international standard fish farms into a foreign trade. The ISO 12875 Standard defines the areas of use, preparation and design in ecological use. It also consists of training in quality work and operating guidelines.
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