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Raylı Sistemlerin Karşılıklı Çalışabilirliği CE Belgesi

CE Certificate of Interoperability of Rail Systems
 

After the completion of the construction works of high-speed railway lines and before the commissioning of the line, a certification and safety assessment process is carried out regarding the technical competence and compatibility of the line. This process, carried out through an accredited and independent audit organization, checks the compatibility of infrastructure, superstructure, signaling, electrification and tunnel systems with railway systems in the Countries of the European Union


 

The European Union aims to integrate its own railway network (lines, stations, terminals and fixed equipment needed to ensure the safe and smooth operation of the railway system) with each other with common conditions and standards. It is possible to say that this is quite useful both in terms of safety and efficiency. Therefore, the main goal is to create a mutually operable European Union railway system. Interoperability means ”The performance that a railway system must have in order to ensure uninterrupted and safe movement of vehicles in international traffic". Therefore, the evaluation process of a railway line is directly related to whether the requirements for interoperability have been met.

 

The Directive 2016/797 on the Interoperability of Rail Systems sets out the requirements that must be met to ensure interoperability within the European Union railway system in accordance with Directive 2004/49/EC on railway safety. The terms in question, rail system, design, construction, service, presentation, upgrade, renovation, operation and maintenance as well as operations and maintenance of system components that contribute to the professional qualifications of staff with current health and safety specifies the requirements for the personnel.

 

The Scope Of The Directive 2016/797 Interoperability Of The Rail System

 

Interoperability of the rail system rail systems is applied in the directive 2016/797 expressed below:

 

 Tools and infrastructure

- Energy

- Signaling system, telematics applications for freight and passengers (the integrated use of telecommunications and information and communication technology) (for example, ticket systems)

- Freedom of movement, accessibility for persons with low

- To-noise problem

 

The Counteroperability of Rail Systems Directive 2016/797 is not appropriate to use and the systems that are not covered by the directive can be expressed as follows:

 

- Subways

- Trams and light rail vehicles, as well as the infrastructure used exclusively by these vehicles

- Networks that are not part of the railway systems of the European Union and are designed to operate only local, urban or suburban passenger services, as well as companies operating only on these networks.

 

The Purpose of the Rail Systems Counteroperability Directive 2016/797

 

The Directive 2016/797 on the Counteroperability of Rail Systems in general aims to define the conditions on the following issues:

 

- Design, installation, commissioning, modernization, operation and maintenance of system parts

- Professional qualifications of the personnel participating in the operation and maintenance work, as well as health and safety requirements

 

The conformity assessment procedure required to ensure the interoperability between any railway project to be carried out and the European railway network is made possible by the fulfillment of the basic requirements of the Rail Systems Decoperability Directive 2016/797. In order to fulfill all these basic requirements mentioned, it is necessary to comply with all the conditions in the section Technical conditions applied for interoperability.

 

These terms, written and prepared with the contributions of the European Union Railway Authority, are kept up to date by this institution again taking into account the European standards. It is possible to access the requirements of the directive on Certification and Interoperability of Railway Systems from the institution´s own website. At the same time, information about the updated terms can be obtained from this site.

 

In addition, in our country with the rail industry rail interoperability of the rail system instructions prepared by the General Directorate of the arrangement are arranged in parallel with the directive 2016/797. For a better understanding of the subject followed in the evaluation process, the stages of “PrEP”, “in accordance with the directive Controls”, “evaluation” and “the issuance of the certificate of conformity” can be expressed as.

 

The main purpose of the technical requirements of the directive 2016/797 interoperability of the rail system to ensure public safety, to be reliable and appropriate system to be used, should not pose a risk to public health, protecting the environment, technically compliant and accessibility to the concepts of a system is the creation of an appropriate environment.

 

In this context, interoperability of the rail system within the scope of Directive 2016/797 systems, infrastructure, energy, control-command and signalling, towing and towed vehicles, maintenance, operation and traffic management compliance issues with technical audits are carried out. It is possible to obtain the necessary certificates of conformity if compliance with this Directive 2016/797 on the Counteroperability of Rail Systems is ensured.

 

It is aimed that the requirements within the scope of the 2016/797 Rail Systems Counteroperability Directive are met and the compliance certificate is obtained and the rail systems in the member states of the European Union and the countries covered by the 2016/797 Rail Systems Counteroperability Directive are suitable for mutual work. We can say that the integrated operation of these systems is of great importance both in terms of safety and health, and in terms of technical conditions.

 

2008/57/EC Interoperability of the Rail System within the Community


The regulations implemented in many areas create certain standards on a sectoral basis. These regulations are extremely important for ensuring security, especially in the social sense. Supervision of rail systems that are actively used in the public sphere is also carried out precisely in this context. 2008/57 / EC The Interoperability of the Rail System within the Community and the content of similar legislation are carefully prepared, as a possible error can have quite serious consequences.

As is known, certain inspections must be carried out in order for the railway or high-speed train lines to be opened for operation after the completion of the formation processes. Audits of this type are organized strictly by independent organizations.

 


Audits address issues such as technical equipment other than qualification and compliance. In addition, the state of infrastructure, superstructure and signaling belonging to a complex and complex system such as a railway is considered. In order for these systems to receive approval, compliance with many criteria must be achieved. The systems must be in harmony with similar systems of EU countries. In the audit processes, the compatibility with the railway connections of the countries within the scope of the European Community is also analyzed.

2008/57 / EC Such inspections within the scope of the Interoperability of the Rail System within the Community also give a great sense of responsibility in a social sense. Recent accidents in the railway field in Turkey and all over the world are usually a lack of supervision or technical failures.

2008/57/EC The Interoperability of the Rail System within the Community attempts to address the EU rail network within a certain standard. It is seen that a clear integration has been achieved in this regard with the legislation. This regulation has a serious share in the smooth and safe operation of railways. The legislation is referred to as the “European Union Interoperability Directive” in many sources. 2008/57 / EC Following the Interoperability of the Rail System within the Community, it is seen that a more efficient table has emerged from the point of view of the railway. Already this efficiency is one of the main motivations and goals of this standard that has been created. In this respect, updates are carried out within the regulation at certain periods.  Another goal of mutual operation is to make railway traffic continuous. It has been recognized that this is also possible with high performance and security.

 

Scope of the Mutual Operability Directive


2008/57/EC The scope of Interoperability of the Rail System within the Community can be explained as follows:


* Vehicles and infrastructure systems

* Problems that may occur with noise

* Active use of the information and communication system

· Accessibility for persons with movement restrictions

* Metro lines

· City trams

* Light rail vehicles


When the directive was closely examined, basic conditions such as the right to operate outside the design and the maintenance of parts belonging to the system were put in place. In addition, both the qualifications and the basic safety conditions of all personnel who will work on both the maintenance and the operational side are examined. It is expected that the standards established in this regard will be met. The General Directorate of Railway Regulation in Turkey has been integrated into this legislation.

 

Terms of Mutual Operability


The Directive 2008/57/EC on the Interoperability of the Rail System within the Community has established extremely strict rules on both modernization and personnel safety or operational maintenance. We can list the terms published in detail in the directive as follows:


· All kinds of materials needed in the design or maintenance processes,

· To obtain information about who the materials are ed by,

· Knowing what needs to be done in exchange for negative scenarios,

· The materials should be in the places where they should be found,
 

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